President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s authoritarian government regularly targeted perceived government critics and political opponents and exerted strong control over the media and judiciary in the long run-up to parliamentary and presidential elections that will take place in the first half of 2023. The deepening economic crisis saw the official annual inflation rate rise to 85 percent in October. In October, a government-sponsored law came into force that criminalizes the dissemination of “false information,” tightens control over social media companies and online news websites, and gives authorities further powers to censor independent journalism and restrict the right to information.
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